EMDR (Movement Desensitization And Reprocessing)
This therapy uses eye movements to release and process information which has become trapped in the mind body network. Often when something traumatic happens, or we have extreme fears, they seem to get locked in the nervous system, often with the original picture, sounds, thoughts and feelings. Since the experience is locked there, it continues to be triggered whenever a reminder comes up. It can be the basis for much discomfort and many negative emotions such as fear and helplessness that seem out of our control. These are simply emotions connected with the old experience that are being triggered continuously.
The eye movements used in EMDR appear to unlock the nervous system and allow your brain to process the experience rather like what may be happening in REM or in ‘dream sleep’. The eye movements are involved in processing the subconscious material held within your mind.
Although EMDR was originally developed for the treatment of PTSD ( Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), it is now used to treat a wide range of condition including abuse, eating disorders, depression, learning problems, and phobias. EMDR is suitable for most people, including children and as it is your own brain that is doing the healing, you are totally in control at all times.
This is a state of deep relaxation in which the subconscious mind is made more accessible. You are not asleep merely both physically and mentally relaxed. Although hypnosis is often seen as a means of entertainment, it is a powerful tool for change and is used in circumstances as diverse as sports performance or childbirth.
There are as many ways to induce hypnosis as there are clients. The state of trance is subjective but almost everyone can be taught how to enter a hypnotic trance, as it is a naturally occurring condition, not unlike the stage we reach between being awake and asleep.
NLP (Neuro Linguistic Programming)
This therapy looks at how we do things in order to achieve a model of excellence. It is possible to study the language patterns, beliefs and mannerisms of someone in order to illicit change. NLP is often used in the business world but it is just as valuable in a therapeutic setting, to enhance performance, remove obstacles and eliminate unhelpful patterns of behavior.
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EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique)
This is one of several Meridian therapies. The basis of all these therapies is an understanding of how thoughts relate to energy fields within the body. This is not unlike the theory behind acupuncture and, in fact, specific meridian points are utilized in this therapy in order to release negative emotions. Clients are taught how to tap on these points in order to deal with both emotional and physical problems.
We become stressed when the pressures (stressors) in our lives become greater than our coping abilities. This can be real or perceived. Not all stress is bad but too much can make us ill. It is said that stress is the scourge of the twenty-first century and stress within the workplace is now a recognizable consideration in litigation. Stress can manifest itself in many ways. While some people may become withdrawn or depressed, others may experience anxiety and panic attacks. Physical reactions may include headaches, insomnia and frequent infections.
The role of a stress manager is to identify the causes of stress and teach the client specific techniques which help put them back in control. Although it is not always possible to eradicate stress from someone’s life, it is important to help clients identify and control their own personal stress reactions ,whilst eliminating unhelpful coping mechanisms and understanding the causes of their stress.
CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy)
This centers around the identification of “irrational” beliefs which can lead to illogical thinking processes and emotional disturbances. Although we can all think irrationally at times, if we constantly interpret events in a dysfunctional manner we may become anxious and depressed. Psychotherapists who work within the cognitive model helps clients to identify these “cognitive distortions” in order that they may change their reactions and behaviors.
The above information has been supplied by LifeSolutions, who offer both training and therapy in anxiety-based disorders. www.lifesolutions.org.uk